System of Education in Slovakia

  • Preschool attendance is compulsory from the age of 5 until 6
  • School attendance is compulsory from the age of 6 until 16
  • Education at state schools is free.
  • Students don‘t wear school uniforms.
  • Students are evaluated by marks on the scale of 1 to 5 (1 represents the best mark/ 5 represents the worst mark)

EDUCATION IN OUR COUNTRY INCLUDES:

  • NURSERY SCHOOLS/ KINDERGARTENS  (from the age of 3 until 5)
  • PRESCHOOL EDUCATION (from the age of 5 until 6)
  • PRIMARY SCHOOLS (from the age of 6 until 15)
  • SECONDARY SCHOOLS (from the age of 15 until 19)

Secondary schools are finished with SCHOOL LEAVING EXAMINATION.

KINDERGARTEN / NURSERY SCHOOLS
– from the age of 3 until 5

Children at the age of three usually go to kindergarten / nursery school. There they play, learn social rules, ethics, and how to behave. This attendance is not compulsory.

PRE-SCHOOL EDUCATION
– from the age of 5 until 6

Children at the age of five are educated at pre-schools. They learn the principles of the alphabet and mathematics to be prepared for school.

ELEMENTARY EDUCATION
– from the age of 6 until 15

  • Children ages 6 to 15 attend primary schools. This nine-year school attendance is compulsory. The school year begins in September and finishes in late June. Children gradually learn to read, write and count. 
  • There are two terms in a school year. Each term has five months. The school day is divided into 5-7 lessons in different subjects with several breaks. 
  • The main subjects are: Mother tongue and Maths and later Chemistry, History, Geography, Science, Computer Studies and languages are added. At the end of each school year, pupils get a school report (certificate). 
  • Pupils have two months´ summer holidays, Christmas holidays, Easter holidays, spring holidays, and a few national holidays/ bank holidays.

PROBLEMS AT SCHOOL

  1. BULLYING OUTSIDERS
    Bullying is a form of violence towards another person who is weak or unable to defend. 
    There are different kinds of bullying:
  • Verbal bullying – nasty or hurtful comments, rude remarks, name-calling               
  • Emotional bullying – gossiping, threaten, ignoring, harming someone‘s reputation, teasing
  • Physical bullying – hitting, kicking, pushing, hurting, slapping
  • Cyberbullying – young people use the internet to: send nasty messages, spread rumors, send inappropriate emails and inappropriate photos

2. BAD MARKS, FAILING EXAMS

3. BAD BEHAVIOUR – students  don‘t follow the school rules. They don‘t change their shoes, aren´t on time for lessons, they smoke in school. talkback, they are lazy, cheeky, disobedient

4. SKIPPING SCHOOL / PLAYING TRUANT – A truant is a schoolchild who misses school without a serious reason. 

5. COPYING HOMEWORK AND TEST ANSWERS FROM SCHOOLMATES

6. CHEATING IN AN EXAM – students use a lot of cribs

7. LACK OF MOTIVATION

8. LACK OF RESPECT towards teachers

WEARING UNIFORMS

They have many pros but on the other hand there are some cons too.

Pros / Advantages:       

  • hide social differences in families; it means all students are equal/ the same, especially children from disadvantaged backgrounds 
  • convenient (praktické, výhodné) – save our time especially girls don´t have to spend a lot of time in front of their wardrobes thinking about what to put on today they can support or create a good image of the school

Cons / Disadvantages:

  • uncomfortable  
  • all are the same    
  • you can´t show your style of living 
  • not very trendy

SECONDARY EDUCATION
– from the age of 15 until 19

Secondary studies last for four years. We can choose from different kinds of secondary schools such as:

1. VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
They give students the skills needed for a particular job. Students are taught special subjects such as typing, accountancy, engineering, technical drawing.

We recognize different kinds of vocational schools according to their orientation:

  • Secondary technical school
  • Business School
  • Nursing secondary school
  • Hotel secondary school
  • Art secondary school and many other schools

2. GRAMMAR SCHOOLS (comprehensive school) 
They prepare students for university studies

3. SPECIAL NEEDS SCHOOLS 
These schools are for children with physical disabilities, for deaf children, for children
with eyesight disorder or learning problems, mentally ill children

Vocabulary

teacher

polrok / semester

zástupca / zástupkyňa

bažant (študent 1.ročníka)

maturant / absolvent strednej školy

graduate

žiaci, ktorí z rôznych dôvodov nedokončili školu

krúžky

chess club, literary club, taking photos, languages, mathematics club, floorball club, tap dancing…

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