Sports & Games

Sports are one of the most popular leisure-time activities.

Why do people do sports?

  • For relaxation or to clear mind,
  • to be fit, healthy, and active,
  • to lose weight and build muscles,
  • making new friends,
  • to develop character and team building.

4 reasons why sports are important in our life

  1. Sports increase our self-confidence,
  2. they make us more goal-orientated and ambitious,
  3. they teach us how to deal with popularity,
  4. they help us to learn to accept defeat.

Usually, all sports and games are divided into several groups. We recognise:

Sports according to the PLACE where they can be practised

  1. Outdoor (outside) sports – they are practised “out”. Typical is athletics (high jump, long jump, triple jump, marathon, or cross-country running)
  2. Indoor (inside) sports – they are practised “in”. They can be practised all year round. (gymnastics, table tennis, boxing, and chess are typical indoor sports)

Sports according to the SEASON OF THE YEAR

  1. Summer sports – we do them in summer, often on water. Here belong:
    water (aquatic) sports – swimming (breaststroke, crawl, butterfly, freestyle, backstroke), rafting, windsurfing, or yachting
    •  rollerblading, hiking, golf, or athletics
  2. Winter sports – they are practised on ice or snow. Here belong:
    •  skiing (downhill skiing, cross-country skiing, slalom, ski-jumps)
    •  snowboarding, ice – hockey skating (figure skating, ice-dancing, speed skating), and
  3. All seasons’ sports here belong:
    They are practised indoors and outdoors. Here belong: volleyball, handball, basketball, aerobics, yoga, tennis, bodybuilding, fencing, football (also called soccer)

Sports according to the  NUMBER OF PEOPLE  doing sports or playing a game

  1. Individual sportscycling, athletics, snowboarding, or tennis
  2. Team sportsespecially ball games belong to the team sports: basketball, volleyball, handball or football


People practise this kind of sports because they look for speed, excitement, danger, and fun but on the other hand they sometimes risk their lives. Some of the most popular extreme sports are bungee jumping, sky surfing, snow rafting, ice diving, or white water rafting.


In this sport, two people are fighting. Here belong:

  • fencing
  • wrestling
  • judo
  • karate
  • boxing


  • We play football on a pitch.
  • Basketball, volleyball, handball, and tennis are played on a court.
  • We go skating on a rink.
  • Runners run, and cars race along a track.
  • We play golf on a golf course.
  • We work out at the gym.
  • We go to the pool to swim.
  • People go skiing to ski slopes. There can be ski lifts, chair lifts, or a cableway.


  • For skiing, we need: skis, ski poles/ski sticks, ski suit, ski goggles, warm cap, gloves,
  • For swimming: a swimming costume for women and trunks for men, swimming cap and goggles
  • For golf: clubs, golf balls, special golf outfit
  • For tennis: a net, tennis racket
  • For table tennis: a table, net, and bat
  • For ice-hockey: sticks, skates, puck, helmet, kit
  • For football: football boots, football shirt, socks, a ball; a referee needs: a whistle

What can we do with a ball?

With a ball, we can do various things. We can kick it, head it, catch it, hit it, pass it, throw it.


  • skis
  • ski boots
  • ski sticks
  • a ski suit
  • ski goggles
  • a warm cap
  • a scarf


  • a swimming costume
  • trunks
  • a swimming cap
  • goggles


  • clubs
  • a golf outfit
  • a golf ball


  • a ball
  • a wristband
  • a net
  • a tennis racket


  • a bat
  • a ball
  • a net
  • a table


  • a stick
  • a helmet
  • a shoulder pad
  • a puck
  • gloves
  • skates


  • a football shirt
  • football boots
  • socks
  • a football
  • a whistle for a referee


  • In cycling, it is a cyclist.
  • In hockey, it is a hockey player. 
  • In skiing, it is a skier.
  • In basketball, it is a basketball player.
  • In tennis, it is a tennis player.
  • In sailing, it is a sailor.
  • In football, it is a football player.
  • In swimming, it is a swimmer.


  • a footballer / football player
  • a referee – they control the game and give a penalty
  • a goalkeeper – their job is to catch the ball
  • a forward – a centre / a centre forward
  • a left winger
  • a defender
  • a stopper
  • a substitute
  • a linesman
  • a midfielder
  • a captain – the leader of a sport team
  • spectators – people who are watching a sporting event or a game
  • a fan – it is a supporter of a team
  • a coach – they help sportspeople practise and prepare for competitions


  • There are ten footballers and one goalkeeper. The footballers are wearing football shirts and boots.
  • Full time is 90 minutes, and half time is 45 minutes.
  • A referee controls the game and gives penalty. They use a whistle.
  • The playing area for football is a pitch. The place around the pitch for spectators is a stadium (a total area.)
  • The winner is the team that scores more goals.


Playing sports professionally requires:

  • a lot of time and money
  • hard physical training
  • stamina and sacrifice

Unfortunately, professional sports are often connected with several negative sides. Top sportsmen and women try to be the best and it often leads to overtraining, and dopingtaking steroids or growth hormones and it has a very negative impact on their health and career. Success in professional sport is nowadays connected with money and popularity, and for some people, it’s quite difficult to cope with being rich and famous.


The Slovaks are good at hockey. A lot of Slovak hockey players play in American and Canadian National Hockey League teams. We keen on football, tennis and skiing as well.

Our top athletes are: Peter Sagan in cycling and Petra Vlhová in skiing.

As for the Americans, they like baseball, American football, basketball, tennis, ice-hockey and skiing.

The British are sport-loving people. Sports like cricket, rugby, golf, football and tennis originated in Britain and spread all over the world. The most popular game is football.


It is the greatest holiday for all sportsmen, women and sport fans.

There are Summer and Winter Olympic Games which are held every four years in a different country. The first Olympics took place in ancient Greece nearly 3000 years ago. Only men could compete and they were naked and barefoot. In 1894 a Frenchman Pierre de Coubertin started the modern Olympic games.

  • Coubertin´s message is: „ It is not important to win but to take part. “
  • The main idea/creed of the Olympics is: „ The better wins regardless of his colour, origin or religion.“

Symbol of the Olympics is: Five Olympic Rings in 5 different colours that represent the unity of the 5 continents:

  • Black: Africa
  • Blue: Europe
  • Red: America
  • Yellow: Asia
  • Green: Australia


Sports and games play an important role in my life, and they are one of my hobbies. Some people take sports very seriously, which means sport is very important to them. When they play team games, they are very competitive (they try hard and always want to win). As for me, I am the complete opposite. I only play for fun/ for pleasure.

When I was younger, I learned to swim, ride the bike and play badminton. Later I started to play various ball games such as volleyball and basketball. (I also tried…)These days I go cycling, swimming and hiking and in winter skiing and snowboarding. As for watching sports, I love watching tennis tournaments and the matches of our ice-hockey team. I must say that I prefer active sport to passive sport.


We have our physical education only twice a week. Before the lesson starts, we change into sportswear in a dressing room. We put on a T-shirt, shorts and sneakers/ trainers. If it is colder, we wear tracksuits and a sweatshirt. At the beginning of the lesson, we always do a little warm-up exercise. When the weather is good, we go out and run, jump into the sand or play games.

In winter or bad weather, we go to the gym, and there we do gymnastics, climb the rope or pole and play some games.


1. skiing [ˈskiːɪŋ] sklyžovanie
2. cross-country skiing [ˈkrɒsˈkʌntri ˈskiːɪŋ] sklyžovanie na bežkách
3. ski slopes [skiː sləʊps] skzjazdovky
4. ski lift [skiː lɪft] skvlek
5. chair lift [ʧeə lɪft] sksedačková lanovka
6. cable way [ˈkeɪbᵊl weɪ] skkabínková lanovka
7. skis [skiːz] sklyže
8. ski sticks [ski stɪks] / ski poles [ski poʊlz] sklyž.palice
9. ski suit [skiː sjuːt] sklyž.oblečenie
10. ski goggles [skiː ˈɡɒɡlz] sklyž.okuliare
11. downhill skiing [ˌdaʊnˈhɪl ˈskiːɪŋ] skzjazd na lyžiach
12. ice [aɪs] skľad
13. ice rink [aɪs rɪŋk] skklzisko
14. skier [ˈskiːə] sklyžiar
15. sledging [ˈslɛʤɪŋ] sksánkovanie


16. footballer [ˈfʊtbɔːlə] / football player [ˈfʊtbɔːl ˈpleɪə] skfutbalista
17. goalkeeper [ˈɡəʊlˌkiːpə] skbrankár
18. forward [ˈfɔːwəd] skútočník
19. centre forward [ˈsɛntə ˈfɔːwəd] skstredný útočník
20. left winger [lɛft ˈwɪŋə] skľavý krídelný útočník
21. defender [dɪˈfɛndə] skobranca
22. linesman [ˈlaɪnzmən] skčiarový rozhodca
23. midfielder [ˈmɪdfɪəldə] skzáložník
24. to pass the ball [tuː pɑːs ðə bɔːl] skpodať, podávať
25. referee [ˌrɛfəˈriː] skrozhodca
26. coach [kəʊʧ] sktréner
27. pitch [pɪʧ] skfutbalové ihrisko
28. to kick [tuː kɪk] skkopnúť
29. to head [tuː hɛd] skhlavičkovať
30. to catch [tuː kæʧ] skchytiť

sports - football

31. tennis player [ˈtɛnɪs ˈpleɪə] sktenista
32. net [nɛt] sksieť
33. bat [bæt] skraketka na stolný tenis
34. table tennis [ˈteɪbᵊl ˈtɛnɪs] skstolný tenis
35. court [kɔːt] skkurt, dvorec
36. fencing [ˈfɛnsɪŋ] skšerm
37. golf course [ɡɒlf kɔːs] skgolfové ihrisko
38. clubs [klʌbz] skgolfové palice
39. cyclist [ˈsaɪklɪst] / biker [ˈbaɪkə] skcyklista
40. cycling [ˈsaɪklɪŋ] / biking [ˈbaɪkɪŋ] skcyklistika
41. chess [ʧɛs] skšach
42. handball [ˈhændbɔːl] skhádzaná
43. left wing [lɛft wɪŋ] skľavé krídlo
44. spectators [spɛkˈteɪtəz] skšportoví diváci
45. to throw [tuː θrəʊ] skhodiť, odhodiť


46. bodybuilding [ˈbɒdɪˌbɪldɪŋ] skkulturistika
47. combat sports [ˈkɒmbæt spɔːts] skbojové športy
48. martial arts [ˈmɑːʃəl ɑːts] skbojové umenia
49. to hit [tuː hɪt] skodraziť, udrieť
50. gym [ʤɪm] sktelocvičňa
51. to work out [tuː wɜːk aʊt] skcvičiť v posilňovni
52. runner [ˈrʌnə] / jogger [ˈʤɒɡə] skbežec / rekreačný bežec
53. track [træk] sktrať
54. hiking [ˈhaɪkɪŋ] skturistika
55. speed [spiːd] skrýchlosť
56. divided [dɪˈvaɪdɪd] skrozdelený
57. several [ˈsɛvrəl] skniekoľko


58. swimmer [ˈswɪmə] skplavec
59. swimming costume [ˈswɪmɪŋ ˈkɒstjuːm] skplavky pre ženy
60. swimming pool [ˈswɪmɪŋ puːl] skplaváreň / bazén
61. backstroke [ˈbækstrəʊk] skznak (plavecký štýl)
62. breaststroke [ˈbrɛststrəʊk] skprsia (plavecký štýl)
63. hockey player [ˈhɒki ˈpleɪə] skhokejista
64. stick [stɪk] skhokejka
65. (ice) skating [ˈskeɪtɪŋ] skkorčuľovanie na ľade
66. skates [skeɪts] skkorčule
67. rollerblading [ˈrəʊləˌbleɪdɪŋ] / roller skating [ˈrəʊlə ˈskeɪtɪŋ] skkorčuľovanie na kolieskových
68. on the one hand [ɒn ðə wʌn hænd] skna jednej strane
69. on the other hand [ɒn ði ˈʌðə hænd] skna druhej strane

ice hockey

70. sports equipment [spɔːts ɪˈkwɪpmənt] / kit [kɪt] skšportové náradie, výstroj, vybavenie
71. trainers [ˈtreɪnəz] / sneakers [ˈsniːkəz] sktenisky
72. dressing room [ˈdrɛsɪŋ ruːm] skšatňa
73. sweatshirt [ˈswɛtʃɜːt] skmikina bez kapucne
74. hoodie [ˈhʊdi] skmikina s kapucňou
75. knee pads [niː pædz] skchrániče na kolená
76. sweatpants [ˈswɛtpænts] sktepláky
77. gloves [ɡlʌvz] skrukavice
78. scarf [skɑːf] skšál
79. trunks [trʌŋks] skplavky pre mužov
80. whistle [ˈwɪsl] skpíšťalka
81. football boots [ˈfʊtbɔːl buːts] skkopačky
82. football shirts [ˈfʊtbɔːl ʃɜːts] skfutbalové dresy


83. stamina [ˈstæmɪnə] skvýdrž, vytrvalosť
84. competitive [kəmˈpɛtɪtɪv] sksúťaživý
85. attitude to sport [ˈætɪtjuːd tuː spɔːt] skpostoj ku športu
86. rules [ruːlz] skpravidlá
87. defeat [dɪˈfiːt] skporážka, prehra
88. leisure time activities skvoľnočasové aktivity
89. season of the year skročné obdobie
90. according to [əˈkɔːdɪŋ tuː] skpodľa niekoho / niečoho
91. healthy [ˈhɛlθi] skzdravý
92. PE lesson / Physical Education [ˈfɪzɪkəl ˌɛdjʊˈkeɪʃᵊn] skTelesná výchova
93. to recognize [tuː ˈrɛkəɡnaɪz] skpoznať, rozpoznať
94. to take part [tuː teɪk pɑːt] skzúčastniť sa
95. to look for [tuː lʊk fɔː] skhľadať
96. substitute [ˈsʌbstɪtjuːt] sknáhradník
97. fun [fʌn] skzábava

leisure time activities
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