Global problems include:
People around the world often deal with many big issues, such as:
ILLITERACY – a lack of ability to read and write.
EPIDEMICS/PANDEMICS – are fatal diseases spread in the world.
FAMINE AND POVERTY – people have nothing to eat.
IMMIGRATION – is the act when someone comes to live in a different country .
People immigrate for many reasons:
CIVIL WARS – it is a war between people of the same country.
TERRORISM – a violent action for political purposes.
ADDICTIONS (drug/ alcohol / gambling addiction…) – a strong desire to take or do something harmful.
HOMELESSNESS – the state of being without a home.
NATURAL DISASTERS – is when something terrible happens and people often die.
WHY DO THESE PROBLEMS START?
HURRICANES AND TORNADOES
Hurricanes and tornadoes are very strong and dangerous winds.
A volcano is a mountain with a large, circular hole at the top through which hot liquid lava and rocks pour. There are many active volcanos in the world, such as Mount Etna.
A large amount of snow falling quickly down in a mountain.
A tsunami is a terrible wave coming after an undersea earthquake.
Droughts mean no rain for a long time and often cause famine.
Frequent floods result from too much rain in a short period causing damage to houses and land. Hundreds of people die from being underwater. They drown.
An earthquake is the shaking of the surface of the Earth. Many buildings are often destroyed, and many people get hurt.
Process through which individuals become permanent residents or citizens of another country. People immigrate for many reasons: economic or political reasons, family reunification, natural disasters, or the desire to change one’s surroundings.
Immigration can bring many advantages to the country, but there must be mutual respect, kindness, and tolerance between the migrants and the natives.
It is a violent action for religious or political reasons. People who do this are terrorists. A common terrorist crime is planting bombs = putting bombs in public places often to kill innocent people.
Terrorists also hijack planes and buses. The people on the board become prisoners, also called hostages.
One of the worst terrorist attacks happened in the USA in New York on 11 th September 2001 when members of the terrorist group Al-Kayda hijacked 2 planes and crashed into 2 famous buildings called Twins. Several thousands of innocent people died in ruins of these buildings. Up to now there have been a lot of terrorist attacks all around the world.
A homeless person is a person without a home, work, and money. They often live on the streets, sleep on the bench in parks, under bridges, or deserted houses and buildings.
They usually beg in the streets and try to find some food in a litter bin.
Reasons why a person becomes homeless: losing a job, domestic violence, divorce and family breakdown, drugs or alcohol problems, untreated mental illness
CIVILIZATION DISEASES AND EPIDEMICS
The last world threat is the COVID-19 pandemic, also known as the coronavirus pandemic.
It was first identified in Wuhan, China, in December 2019. Because it is a new virus, scientists are learning more each day. Although most people who overcame COVID-19 had mild symptoms, it can also cause severe illness and even death.
The virus spreads mainly when an infected person is in close contact with another person.
Symptoms of COVID-19 are variable:
Preventive measures include:
Why is Ozone Layer important?
Ozone protects the Earth from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays from the Sun. Without the Ozone layer in the atmosphere, life on Earth would be very difficult. Plants cannot live and grow in heavy ultraviolet radiation, nor can the planktons that serve as food for most of the ocean life.
HOW CAN WE PROTECT OUR ENVIRONMENT IN EVERYDAY LIFE?
1. Save energy, water, and petrol
3. Recycle – sort out domestic rubbish and take it to the special containers
4. Protect animals and plants
5. Buy products wisely