Food & Eating Habits

FAST FOOD = JUNK FOOD = UNHEALTHY FOOD

Some junk food:

  • hamburgers
  • cheeseburgers
  • kebab
  • hotdogs
  • baguette
  • elephant ears
  • pizza
  • chips

BALANCED DIET

What is balanced diet?

  • a lot of vegetables and fruit, not fatty food
  • eating poultry and milk products = dairy products
  • eating fish and seafood
  • cereals + cornflakes, muesli
  • drinking at least 2-3 litres of mineral water, tap water or herbal tea
  • eating regularly at least 4-5 times a day every 4 hours, small portions

DIETING

Nowadays more and more people are overweight. Here are some reasons why:

  • terrible eating habits
  • we eat too much, very fatty and high caloric food
  • we are not active enough there is an absence of physical activity
  • we are very lazy and we become ‘a mouse potato or a couch potato’

VEGETARIANISM AND VEGANISM

A VEGETERIAN DIET is very fashionable and popular at these days. Number of people who become vegetarians is increasing rapidly. ‘Not to eat meat and meat products’.

A VEGAN DIET is much more strict than vegetarian diet. ‘Not to eat meat, meat products and even no animal products’. It means no eggs, milk products – butter, milk, yoghurt, cheese,…

RESTAURANTS

  • Take-away: you buy your food there and you eat it at home
  • Fast food restaurants: you order your food at the counter and then take it to your table to eat it.
  • Pubs
  • Restaurants: a waiter or a waitress serves you. There are many different kinds of restaurants (Italian, Indian, Chinese, French…)
  • Pizza huts: they serve especially different kinds of pizza
  • Drive – in restaurants: you buy your meal from the car
  • Kosher restaurants: typical Jewish restaurants that offer perfect, genuine meals

WHAT THINGS DO WE NORMALLY FIND ON THE TABLE IN A RESTAURANT?

  • a tablecloth, a salt shaker, a pepper shaker, vinegar, glasses or cups, plates, cutlery – fork, knife, spoon, teaspoon, a napkin

WHAT PARTS DOES THE MENU CONSIST OF?

  • starter, main course = main dish, daily special, desserts, beverages = soft drinks, wine list

After eating, the waiter/ waitress brings the bill.
We pay and add a tip for a good service and delicious meal.

IN A RESTAURANT WE CAN HEAR THESE PHRASES

Waiter: What would you like to drink?/Anything to drink?
Customer: Still or sparkling mineral water?
Waiter: Are you ready to order?
Customer: I would like a beef steak with chips. /Can I have cabbage soup? 
Waiter: Anything else?
Customer: Could I have another beer?
Customer: I‘d like to pay./Could I have a bill, please?
Customer: It is a tip for good services.  

FOOD AT SPECIAL OCCASIONS

At some special occasions such as Christmas and Easter traditional food is served.
ON CHRISTMAS EVE

  • fish soup = Sauerkraut
  • fried carp and potato salad
  • waffle with honey
  • homemade sweets

AT EASTER

  • smoked ham/meat
  • potato salad/mashed potato

THE MOST TYPICAL SLOVAK DISH

  • Potato dumplings with sheep cheese and bacon
  • Roast chicken with rice and compote
  • Vienna steak and mashed potatoes

MY EATING HABITS

I usually eat four times a day – I have breakfast, lunch, a small snack, and dinner. Sometimes I am very busy, and I don’t eat regularly, so I often choose fast food. I realize that it is not good for my health, but I love it. 

I usually have two rolls or two slices of brown bread and butter, some jam, yogurt or ham, and sausages for my breakfast on the weekdays. At the weekends, when I have much more time, I like scrambled eggs or hard-boiled eggs, fish paste, raw vegetables, Swiss cheese or blue cheese, sometimes bacon. I drink various kinds of tea, e.g., fruit tea, black tea, green tea, herbal tea, often with lemon and honey. Sometimes, when I am in a hurry, I have a few tea sips or a glass of fruit juice.

I don’t drink any coffee. It’s very bitter for me. But my mum adores coffee, so from time to time, I make her real coffee = Turkish coffee or instant coffee. 

At school, I usually eat after my 2nd lesson. I often have a light snack such as a piece of apple, a banana, an orange, or a tangerine and pastry. I drink tap water. I rarely go to our school snack bar, where I buy unhealthy but delicious fast food products. My very favorite is a hot dog with mustard. I never resist buying a bar of chocolate or some kinds of sweets such as candies, biscuits, or a lollipop. 

At midday, it is time for lunch. I go to our school canteen, where I take lunch regularly. The quality of the meals is excellent. The main meal consists of soup, a main course, and a dessert. Most Slovaks like to eat meat, usually pork, beef, or poultry. We also like rice and potatoes in various forms, e.g., mashed potatoes, boiled potatoes, and American potatoes.

My favorite meals are:

  • traditional Slovak meal Bryndzové halušky = gnocchi (read:ˈnɒkɪ) with sheep cheese
  • Fried cheese with mayo and chips
  • Roast pork with cabbage and dumplings
  • Pasta with tomato sauce and grated cheese
  • Sauerkraut soup with mushrooms, smoked meat, and sausages
  • Vienna steak and potato salad
  • Roast chicken with rice and fruit compote
  • Potato pancakes
  • Sweet pancakes with fresh fruit and cream and chocolate topping 

I also like different kinds of soup: lentil soup, pea soup, cabbage soup, chicken soup with noodles, tomato soup, mushroom soup, thick bean soup, etc.

In the afternoon, at about 3 o’clock, it’s time for a light afternoon snack.  I often eat separately because my parents work late. I usually have a sandwich or toast with meat paste.

Dinner is the only time during the weekday when our family eats together. My mum prepares our favourite meals, e.g., potato pancakes, elephant ears, chips with ketchup.

Here you can find some exercises that help you strengthen newly gained knowledge related to the topic ‘Food and Eating habits.’ The first part of this section consists of exercises mainly focused on the key vocabulary. The second part contains challenging tasks that include vocabulary, grammar, language in use and reading comprehension. 

Remember, you can read the topic or watch the video at any time.

Break a leg!

Vocabulary

Fruit (Ovocie)
fruit
Vegetables (Zelenina)
vegetables
Bakery products (Pekárenské výrobky)
bread
Meat (Mäso)

hovädzie mäso

bravčové mäso

jahňacie mäso

teľacie mäso

hydina (chicken, duck, goose, turkey-moriak)

šunka

klobása/saláma/párok

stejk:surový/mierne prepečený/prepečený

meat
Seafood and fish (Morské plody a ryby)
fish
Dairy products (Mliečne výrobky)
milk
Drinks/ Beverages (Nápoje)
tea
Nuts (Orechy)
nuts
Eggs (Vajcia)
eggs
Spices (Koreniny)
spices
Tastes (Chute)
candies
Cooking (Varenie)

piecť v rúre (koláč)

upiecť v rúre (mäso)

variť vo vode/ vrieť

vyprážať (na oleji, masti)

variť v pare

food eating habits
Meals (Jedlá)
meals
Fast food products/ Junk food (Rýchle občerstvenie/ nezdravé jedlá)
fast food
Preparing food (Príprava jedál)

pridať

rozbiť (vajíčka)

zmixovať, rozmixovať

miešať, premiešať

vyšľahať

nakrájať nadrobno (cibuľu)

rezať, krájať

nakrájať na kocky

nastrúhať

roztopiť

pomlieť (mäso)

očistiť, ošúpať

predhriať rúru na 220o C

nakrájať na plátky

preparing food
Other words and expressions (Ďalšie výrazy a frázy)

šéfkuchár

nechať sprepitné

surový

obsluhovať, obslúžiť

obschnutý/ starý chlieb

kitchen
Main course/ main meals and other expressions (Hlavný chod/ hlavné jedlá a iné výrazy)

prípitok

sáčková polievka

plnka (mäsová)

plnka (do koláčov)

rybacia nátierka

obloha k jedlu

príloha k jedlu

steak
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