Food & Eating Habits

Toto video je zamerané na slovnú zásobu. Nájdeš tu slovká týkajúce sa ovocia, zeleniny, mäsa a mäsových výrobkov, pekárenské výrobky, mliečne výrobky alebo aj ryby či morské plody.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rh_FKmYgOiA&feature

V tomto videu nájdeš jednoduchý a stručný pokec na nasledovné témy: Fast food, Balanced diet, Dieting, Vegetarians and vegans, Restaurants, Food on special occasions, My eating habits…aby sa ti maturovalo lepšie.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RZzdy9UwryQ&feature

Here you can find some exercises that help you strengthen newly gained knowledge related to the topic ‘Food and Eating habits.’ The first part of this section consists of exercises mainly focused on the key vocabulary. The second part contains challenging tasks that include vocabulary, grammar, language in use and reading comprehension. 

Remember, you can read the topic or watch the video at any time.

Break a leg!

FAST FOOD = JUNK FOOD = UNHEALTHY FOOD

Some junk food:

  • hamburgers
  • cheeseburgers
  • kebab
  • hotdogs
  • baguette
  • elephant ears
  • pizza
  • chips

BALANCED DIET

What is balanced diet?

  • a lot of vegetables and fruit, not fatty food
  • eating poultry and milk products = dairy products
  • eating fish and seafood
  • cereals + cornflakes, muesli
  • drinking at least 2-3 litres of mineral water, tap water or herbal tea
  • eating regularly at least 4-5 times a day every 4 hours, small portions

DIETING

Nowadays more and more people are overweight. Here are some reasons why:

  • terrible eating habits
  • we eat too much, very fatty and high caloric food
  • we are not active enough there is an absence of physical activity
  • we are very lazy and we become ‘a mouse potato or a couch potato’

VEGETARIANISM AND VEGANISM

A VEGETERIAN DIET is very fashionable and popular at these days. Number of people who become vegetarians is increasing rapidly. ‘Not to eat meat and meat products’.

A VEGAN DIET is much more strict than vegetarian diet. ‘Not to eat meat, meat products and even no animal products’. It means no eggs, milk products – butter, milk, yoghurt, cheese,…

RESTAURANTS

  • Take-away: you buy your food there and you eat it at home
  • Fast food restaurants: you order your food at the counter and then take it to your table to eat it.
  • Pubs
  • Restaurants: a waiter or a waitress serves you. There are many different kinds of restaurants (Italian, Indian, Chinese, French…)
  • Pizza huts: they serve especially different kinds of pizza
  • Drive – in restaurants: you buy your meal from the car
  • Kosher restaurants: typical Jewish restaurants that offer perfect, genuine meals

WHAT THINGS DO WE NORMALLY FIND ON THE TABLE IN A RESTAURANT?

  • a tablecloth, a salt shaker, a pepper shaker, vinegar, glasses or cups, plates, cutlery – fork, knife, spoon, teaspoon, a napkin

WHAT PARTS DOES THE MENU CONSIST OF?

  • starter, main course = main dish, daily special, desserts, beverages = soft drinks, wine list

After eating, the waiter/ waitress brings the bill.
We pay and add a tip for a good service and delicious meal.

IN A RESTAURANT WE CAN HEAR THESE PHRASES

Waiter: What would you like to drink?/Anything to drink?
Customer: Still or sparkling mineral water?
Waiter: Are you ready to order?
Customer: I would like a beef steak with chips. /Can I have cabbage soup? 
Waiter: Anything else?
Customer: Could I have another beer?
Customer: I‘d like to pay./Could I have a bill, please?
Customer: It is a tip for good services.  

FOOD AT SPECIAL OCCASIONS

At some special occasions such as Christmas and Easter traditional food is served.
ON CHRISTMAS EVE

  • fish soup = Sauerkraut
  • fried carp and potato salad
  • waffle with honey
  • homemade sweets

AT EASTER

  • smoked ham/meat
  • potato salad/mashed potato

THE MOST TYPICAL SLOVAK DISH

  • Potato dumplings with sheep cheese and bacon
  • Roast chicken with rice and compote
  • Vienna steak and mashed potatoes

MY EATING HABITS

I usually eat four times a day – I have breakfast, lunch, a small snack, and dinner. Sometimes I am very busy, and I don’t eat regularly, so I often choose fast food. I realize that it is not good for my health, but I love it. 

I usually have two rolls or two slices of brown bread and butter, some jam, yogurt or ham, and sausages for my breakfast on the weekdays. At the weekends, when I have much more time, I like scrambled eggs or hard-boiled eggs, fish paste, raw vegetables, Swiss cheese or blue cheese, sometimes bacon. I drink various kinds of tea, e.g., fruit tea, black tea, green tea, herbal tea, often with lemon and honey. Sometimes, when I am in a hurry, I have a few tea sips or a glass of fruit juice.

I don’t drink any coffee. It’s very bitter for me. But my mum adores coffee, so from time to time, I make her real coffee = Turkish coffee or instant coffee. 

At school, I usually eat after my 2nd lesson. I often have a light snack such as a piece of apple, a banana, an orange, or a tangerine and pastry. I drink tap water. I rarely go to our school snack bar, where I buy unhealthy but delicious fast food products. My very favorite is a hot dog with mustard. I never resist buying a bar of chocolate or some kinds of sweets such as candies, biscuits, or a lollipop. 

At midday, it is time for lunch. I go to our school canteen, where I take lunch regularly. The quality of the meals is excellent. The main meal consists of soup, a main course, and a dessert. Most Slovaks like to eat meat, usually pork, beef, or poultry. We also like rice and potatoes in various forms, e.g., mashed potatoes, boiled potatoes, and American potatoes.

My favorite meals are:

  • traditional Slovak meal Bryndzové halušky = gnocchi (read:ˈnɒkɪ) with sheep cheese
  • Fried cheese with mayo and chips
  • Roast pork with cabbage and dumplings
  • Pasta with tomato sauce and grated cheese
  • Sauerkraut soup with mushrooms, smoked meat, and sausages
  • Vienna steak and potato salad
  • Roast chicken with rice and fruit compote
  • Potato pancakes
  • Sweet pancakes with fresh fruit and cream and chocolate topping 

I also like different kinds of soup: lentil soup, pea soup, cabbage soup, chicken soup with noodles, tomato soup, mushroom soup, thick bean soup, etc.

In the afternoon, at about 3 o’clock, it’s time for a light afternoon snack.  I often eat separately because my parents work late. I usually have a sandwich or toast with meat paste.

Dinner is the only time during the weekday when our family eats together. My mum prepares our favourite meals, e.g., potato pancakes, elephant ears, chips with ketchup.

Vocabulary

Fruit (Ovocie)
fruit
Vegetables (Zelenina)
vegetables
Bakery products (Pekárenské výrobky)
bread
Meat (Mäso)

hovädzie mäso

bravčové mäso

jahňacie mäso

teľacie mäso

hydina (chicken, duck, goose, turkey-moriak)

klobása/saláma/párok

stejk:surový/mierne prepečený/prepečený

meat
Seafood and fish (Morské plody a ryby)
fish
Dairy products (Mliečne výrobky)
milk
Drinks/ Beverages (Nápoje)
tea
Nuts (Orechy)
nuts
Eggs (Vajcia)
eggs
Spices (Koreniny)
spices
Tastes (Chute)
candies
Cooking (Varenie)

piecť v rúre (koláč)

upiecť v rúre (mäso)

variť vo vode/ vrieť

vyprážať (na oleji, masti)

variť v pare

dochutiť soľou a korením

posypať cukrom / bylinkami

zohriať

food eating habits
Meals (Jedlá)
meals
Fast food products/ Junk food (Rýchle občerstvenie/ nezdravé jedlá)
fast food
Preparing food (Príprava jedál)

rozbiť (vajíčka)

zmixovať, rozmixovať

vyšľahať

priviesť polievku do varu

nakrájať nadrobno (cibuľu)

rezať, krájať

nakrájať na kocky

pomlieť (mäso)

očistiť, ošúpať

predhriať rúru na 220o C

nakrájať na plátky

preparing food
Other words and expressions (Ďalšie výrazy a frázy)

šéfkuchár

obsluhovať, obslúžiť

obschnutý/ starý chlieb

kitchen
Main course/ main meals and other expressions (Hlavný chod/ hlavné jedlá a iné výrazy)
  1.  roast chicken with rice – pečené kurča s ryžou
  2. fried cheese with mayo and chips – vyprážaný syr s tatarkou a hranolkami
  3. breast of chicken in cream sauce and mashed potatoes – kuracie prsia v smotanovej omáčke so zemiakovou kašou
  4. pasta with tomato sauce and grated cheese – cestoviny s paradajkovou omáčkou a strúhaným syrom
  5. Vienna steak steak with roast potatoes and pickles – vyprážený rezeň s pečenými zemiakmi a kyslými uhorkami
  6. pancakes with fruit and chocolate topping – palacinky s ovocím a čokoládovou polevou
  7. potato pancakes and cabbage soup – placky a kapustová polievka
  8. roast pork with cabbage and dumplings – pečené bravčové mäso s kapustou a knedľou
  9. cabbage soup/ sauerkraut soup – kapustnica
  10. fried carp and potato salad – vyprážaný kapor a zemiakový šalát
  11. gnocchi with sheep cheese and fried bacon – bryndzové halušky so slaninou
  12. chicken soup with noodles – kuracia polievka s rezancami
  13. toast – prípitok
  14. I would like to propose a toast. – Chcel by som predniesť prípitok.
  15. packet soup – sáčková polievka
  16. stuffing – plnka (mäsová)
  17. filling – plnka (do koláčov)
  18. fish paste – rybacia nátierka
  19. garnish – obloha k jedlu
  20. side dish – príloha k jedlu
  21. rich in fibre – bohaté na vlákninu
  22. protein – bielkovina
  23. home made sweets – domáce koláče
  24. oat porridge – ovsená kaša
  25. beef/ chicken broth – hovädzí/ kurací vývar
  26. stock – bujón
steak

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