Fashion & Clothes

People have different attitudes to fashion, which means everyone has a different style and diferent taste.

 There are DIFFERENT ATTITUDES towards fashion:

  1. Some people don’t care what they wear, and they aren’t interested in fashion at all. Some are even slovenly or careless in dressing. They may simply wear what they feel comfortable in, usually casual clothes.
  2. Others are very choosy, and they care a lot about themselves. They spend a lot of money (a fortune), often on brand-name clothing.
  3. Some people have excellent taste in dressing and are always trendy (very fashionable) and stylish (chic and attractive).They want to be dressed according to the latest fashion. They follow the new styles and trends through fashion magazines or fashion shows onTV. 

Fashion is created by professionals called fashion designers, who invent new styles and patterns. Famous fashion designers include Giorgio Armani, Calvin Klein, Gianni Versace Dolce & Gabbana.

WHERE CAN WE GET CLOTHES?

  1. we can buy ready-made clothes in a clothes shop, a boutique, an open market, or online,
  2. at second-hand shops,
  3. a tailor or a dressmaker can make it for us.

ACCESSORIES

shoes, a watch, earrings, a ring, a bracelet, a necklace, bangles, a handbag, glasses, gloves, a belt, a baseball cap, a scarf, a hat, a cap, (BrE) trainers/ (AmE) sneakers, (BrE) braces/ (AmE) suspenders, a bow tie, a tie

FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE WHAT WE WEAR

  • season / time of year,
  • social status, 
  • mood,
  • age,
  • taste,
  • occasion,

FABRICS & PATTERNS

Our clothes can be made from various kinds of materials such as:

cotton, wool, linen, silk, velvet, genuine leather, denim, polyester, net, suede

Generally, many people usually looks for washablenon-ironcolourfastcrease-resistant, and shrink-resistant fabric and materials.

PATTERNS

There are different kinds of patterns: 

I like wearing neutral colours such as black, cream, olive green, white and dark blue because they are versatile. I don´t like strong or bright colours.

a checked shirt, a floral shirt, a coloured shirt, a dotted/spotted shirt, a striped shirt, a plain shirt

QUESTION TIME
part 1

  1. Describe different attitudes towards fashion.
  2. What is a fashion designer? Name some world famous fashion designers.
  3. Where can we get clothes?
  4. Which accessories do you wear to school/to a party/to a wedding?
  5. Name some factors that influence what we wear.
  6. What fabrics do you usually wear in summer/winter?
  7. What are your most/least favourite clothing patterns? Why?

BONUS QUESTION: What are the latest trends in clothing amongst youth?

SUMMER CLOTHES

In the summer we prefer light and airy summer clothes such as:

  • a shirt with short sleeves,
  • a loose blouse with a low neckline without sleeves
  • Bermuda shorts
  • an airy t-shirt and denim shorts

Today cotton t-shirts decorated with labels, embroidery, or printing graphics enjoy the greatest popularity.

On our feet, we put on sandals and sneakers/trainersFlip-flops have become the biggest fashion trend. When we go swimming, we wear a swimming costume  (a bikini, one-piece or two-piece) and trunks for men. Sometimes we take a straw hat. If it is the rainy season on our feet, we put on rubber boots/ wellingtons.

WINTER CLOTHES

In winter we need to wear something warm, so warmer materials such as: cotton and wool are preferred. We put on more layers. We usually wear: a t-shirt with long sleeves, suits, trousers, jeans, a denim skirt, warm tights, cardigans, pullovers, a polo neck, sweaters, an anorak and parka, a winter coat/ overcoat, a jacket, a fur coat, gloves or mittens, a woolly cap, a hat, a scarf, winter shoes and boots, of course.

CLOTHES FOR
SPECIAL OCCASIONS

Formal situations, such as public parties, balls, concerts, theatre performances,
require formalsmart, and proper clothes.

LADIES’ WEAR:

an evening dress, jewellery, a handbag, pumps, an evening gown/ball

MEN´S WEAR: 

a dark suit, a light shirt, a tie, dark leather shoes, a tuxedo

SPORTSWEAR: 

a t-shirt, shorts, sports shoes, a tracksuit, a sport set

CASUAL WEAR:

We like to feel comfortable, and so we prefer casual clothes:

baggy/loose jeans, a tracksuit, shorts, slippers

For cleaning, in the garden or workshop, we must put on an apron or dungarees/ overalls not to get dirty.

QUESTION TIME
part 2

  1. What clothes and accessories do people wear in the summer?
  2. What clothes and accessories do people wear in the winter?
  3. What clothes and accessories do people wear on special occasions?
  4. Describe a casual outfit/ a sports outfit.
  5. What clothes do we usually wear when we clean the house and work in the garden or garage?
  6. What fabrics do you usually wear in the summer or winter?
  7. What are your most/least favourite clothing patterns? Why?

BONUS QUESTION: What do you think fashion reflects?

UNIFORMS

Special kinds of clothes are uniforms. They are worn by the police, health workers,
firefighters, soldiers, waiters/waitresses, shop assistants, flight attendants, cooks.

GOOD POINTS/PROS ABOUT WEARING UNIFORMS   

  • They save your money because they are cheaper than trendy clothing.
  • They hide financial differences between families.
  • They save your time, especially in the morning when you need to get dressed for school.   

IMPORTANT: One of the main reasons for wearing uniforms is to hide social and financial differences amongst children.

BAD POINTS/PROS ABOUT WEARING UNIFORMS

  • Wearing compulsory uniforms limits students’ freedom = not enough freedom in dressing
  • uniforms can be less comfortable than students’ clothing                   
  • Uniforms may be impractical
  • You can’t express your personality and style  

It is still a tradition in some schools in Britain to wear a school uniform.

‘Clothes make the man’

There is an old saying, ‘Clothes make the man’. This saying makes sense because clothes can reveal people’s origin, religion, financial situation, status in society, and attitude towards fashion.

For example, some Islamic women may wear veils to cover their faces or bodies. These
clothes can be an expressions of religion, faith, or custom.

VERBS RELATING TO CLOTHES

  • to get dressed/put on a shirt
  • to wear a blue suit
  • to put on trainers
  • to take off trainers
  • to try on a blouse
  • to change into a striped dress
  • to take off a sweater

FASTENING

  • Do up your coat, it’s cold.
  • Undo your coat, it’s warm.
  • Unzip your jacket.
  • Zip up the anorak.
  • Button up your shirt.
  • Lace your boots. 

TO FIT

These trousers don’t fit you. They’re too loose. You should go for a small/ an S.
These trousers fit you perfectly! Take them!

TO SUIT

This outfit doesn’t suit you. It’s too dark and dull. Sorry.
Wow! This is much better! This brown silk blouse is top! It suits you!

IN A CLOTHING SHOP

  • I like it – It’s nice/lovely. 
  • I’ll take it/ them. = when you decide to buy something in a shop
  • I’ll leave it/ them, thanks. = if you decide not to buy something
  • The jacket is too long.
  • It is too big/ too short.
  • These trousers are very tight. 
  • The t-shirt is too loose. 
  • The shirt doesn’t fit. 
  • It’s the wrong size. 
  • What size are you?
  • What size do you take?
  • I’m a size 40. 
  • I take size 40. (S/small/ M/medium/ L/large/ XL/extra large)
  • I like wearing a versatile jacket. = I can wear it on different occasions.
  • I need to get/buy a new outfit for my brother’s wedding.

QUESTION TIME
part 3

  1. What jobs require uniforms?
  2. Name some good and some bad points about wearing uniforms.
  3. Explain the old saying: ´CLOTHES MAKE THE MAN´.
  4. What‘s the difference between the words fit and suit? Use both words in a sentence.

BONUS QUESTIONS

  1. Describe your clothing style and your attitude towards the latest fashion trends.
  2. Express your opinion on wearing uniforms in Slovak schools.

Vocabulary

1. fabric [ˈfæbrɪk] – látka, tkanina
2. cotton [ˈkɒt ə n] – bavlna
3. wool [wʊl] – vlna
4. silk [sɪlk] – hodváb
5. velvet [ˈvelvɪt] – zamat
6. linen [ˈlɪnɪn] – ľan
7. genuine leather [ˈdʒenjʊɪn ˈleðə] – pravá koža
8. denim [ˈdenɪm] – rifľový, rifľovina
9. synthetic fibre [sɪnˈθetɪk ˈfaɪbə] – umelé vlákno
10. shrink resistant [ʃrɪŋk rɪˈzɪstənt] – nezrážanlivé
11. crease resistant [kriːs rɪˈzɪstənt] – nekrčivé
12. washable [ˈwɒʃəb ə l] – prateľný, dá sa prať
13. waterproof [ˈwɔːtəˌpruːf] – nepremokavé
14. non-iron [ˌnɒn ˈaɪən] – netreba žehliť
15. patterns [ˈpætəns] – vzory
16. plain [pleɪn] – jednofarebný, bez vzoru
17. coloured [ˈkʌləd] – farebný
18. dotted [ˈdɒtɪd] / spotted [ˈspɒtɪd] – bodkovaný
19. flowered [ˈflaʊəd] – kvietkovaný
20. striped [straɪpt] – pásikavý, pruhovaný
21. checked [tʃekt] – károvaný, kockovaný
22. transparent [trænsˈpærənt] – priesvitný
23. sleeves [sliːvs] – rukávy
24. with long sleeves [wɪθ lɒŋ sliːvs] – s dlhými rukávmi
25. with short sleeves [wɪθ ʃɔːt sliːvs] – s krátkymi rukávmi

fashion

26. sleeveless [ˈsliːvlɪs] – bez rukávov
27. beach clothes [biːtʃ kləʊðz ] – plážové oblečenie
28. bermuda shorts [bəˈmjuːdə ʃɔːts ] – bermudy
29. swimsuit [ˈswɪm ˌsjuːt] – plavky pre ženy jednodielne
30. trunks [trʌŋks] – plávky pre mužov
31. flip–flops [flɪp flɒps ] – žabky (gumené sandále)
32. sandals [ˈsænd ə ls] – sandále
33. skirt [skɜːt] – sukňa
34. T-shirt [ˈtiːˌʃɜːt] – tričko
35. dress [dres] – šaty
36. winter clothes [ˈwɪntə kləʊðz] – zimné oblečenie
37. anorak [ˈænəˌræk] – bunda. vetrovka
38. coat [kəʊt] – kabát
39. jacket [ˈdʒækɪt] – bunda, sako
40. hoodie [hʊdɪ] – mikina s kapucňou
41. sweatshirt [ˈswetˌʃɜːt] – mikina so zipsom
42. gloves [glʌvs] / mittens [ˈmɪt ə n] – rukavice
43. scarf [skɑːf] – šál, šatka
44. cap [kæp] / baseball cap [ˈbeɪsˌbɔːl kæp] – čiapka / šiltovka
45. woollen cap [ˈwʊlən kæp] – vlnená čiapka
46. sweater [ˈswetə] / jumper [ˈdʒʌmpə] / pullover [ˈpʊlˌəʊvə] – pulóver
47. ladies‘ wear [ˈleɪdɪs weə] – dámske oblečenie
48. dress [dres] – šaty
49. suit [sjuːt] – kostým, oblek
50. skirt [skɜːt] – sukňa

bikini

51. blouse [blaʊz] – blúzka
52. night gown [naɪt gaʊn ] / nightdress [naɪt dres] – nočná košeľa
53. ball [bɔːl] / evening gown [ˈiːvnɪŋ gaʊn] – plesové / večerné šaty
54. knickers [ˈnɪkəz] / panties [ˈpæntɪz] – dámske nohavičky
55. underwear [ˈʌndəˌweə] – spodná bielizeň
56. bra [brɑː] – podprsenka
57. pair of stocking [peə ɒv ˈstɒkɪŋ] / tights [taɪts] – pančuchy
58. men’s wear [mens weə] – pánske oblečenie
59. trousers [ˈtraʊzəz] – nohavice
60. socks [sɒks] – ponožky
61. vest [vest] – tielko
62. shirt [ʃɜːt] – košeľa
63. boxer shorts [ˈbɒksə ʃɔːts ] / boxers – boxerky, trenírky
64. formal wear [ˈfɔːməl weə] – spoločenské oblečenie
65. cloth [klɒθ] – látka, tkanina
66. tuxedo [tʌkˈsiːdəʊ] – smoking
67. tie [taɪ] – kravata
68. bow tie [bəʊ taɪ] – motýlik
69. street wear [striːt weə] / casual wear [ˈkæʒjʊəl weə] – bežné / neformálne oblečenie
70. jeans [dʒiːnz] – rifle
71. tracksuit [ˈtræk ˌsjuːt] – tepláková súprava
72. tracksuit trousers [ˈtræk ˌsjuːt ˈtraʊzəz ] – tepláky
73. pyjamas [pəˈdʒɑːməz] – pyžamo
74. workwear [wɜːk weə ] – pracovné oblečenie
75. overalls [ˈəʊvərˌɔːls] – pracovná kombinéza
76. uniform [ˈjuːnɪˌfɔːm] – uniforma

jeans

77. apron [ˈeɪprən] – zástera na varenie
78. boots [buːts] – čižmy
79. Wellingtons [ˈwelɪŋtəns] – gumáky
80. high-heel shoes [haɪ hiːl ʃuːs] – topánky na vysokom opätku
81. low-heel shoes [ləʊ hiːl ʃuːs] – topánky na nízkom opätku
82. slippers [ˈslɪpəs] – papuče, šľapky
83. sneakers [ˈsniːkəs] / trainers [ˈtreɪnə] – tenisky
84. accessories [əkˈsesərɪs] – doplnky
85. bracelet [ˈbreɪslɪt] – náramok
86. earrings [ˈɪəˌrɪŋs] – náušnice
87. jewellery [ˈdʒuːəlrɪ] – šperky
88. belt [belt] – opasok
89. ring [rɪŋ] – prsteň
90. handbag [ˈhændˌbæg] – kabelka
91. sunglasses [ˈsʌnˌglɑːsɪz] – slnečné okuliare
92. necklace [ˈneklɪs] – náhrdelník
93. brooch [brəʊtʃ] – brošňa
94. beads [biːds] – korále
95. chain [tʃeɪn] – retiazka
96. wear [weə] – nosiť, mať oblečené
97. get dressed [get drest] – obliecť sa
98. put on sth [pʊt ɒn] – obliecť si
99. take off [teɪk ɒf] – zobliecť si, zobuť si
100. do up [duːʌp] – zapnúť si
101. undo [ʌnˈduː] – rozopnúť si, rozviazať
102. zip up [zɪp ʌp] & unzip [ʌnˈzɪp] – zapnúť zips / rozopnúť zips
103. button up [ˈbʌt ə n ʌp] & unbutton [ʌnˈbʌt ə n] zapnúť gombík / rozopnúť gombík

accessories