The basis of the family is a mother, a father, and a child. People have close or distant relatives. There is a grandfather, a grandmother, in-laws, sister-in-law, brother-in-law, uncles, aunts, cousins, a niece, a nephew, godparents – a godfather, a godmother, godchild, stepmother – your father´s new wife = not your mother, stepbrother, etc.
Functions of the family
How to behave:
A good family relationship means that parents and children get on well. They don’t argue much and can discuss problems. Parents are tolerant, and children respect them. A good and strong relationship is very important for everyone. A true/real family has a lot in common.
“A friend in need is a friend indeed“– this saying shows the full value of friendship.
„ In time of test, family is best. “ – a proverb
Duties and responsibilities
All members have specific social roles with various duties and responsibilities.
Everyone in our family has their daily or weekly tasks or duties.
There is a generation gap in our families because older and young people don’t understand each other. It is the difference in opinions between parents and their children of everyday life. The most common conflicts between generations are:
Causes of divorce
Unfortunately, there are many divorced couples in our society. The most common causes of divorce are:
Important family celebrations and anniversaries
Families get together for various occasions and anniversaries such as:
Birth – before a baby is born, its mother is pregnant /expecting a baby/. Then she gives birth in hospital. Parents give a name to the child and baptise their baby in church –christening.
Wedding – at a wedding, two people who are getting married are the bride and the groom. The bride has the bridesmaids, and the groom has his best man.
A few days before the wedding ceremony, the husband-to-be gives a party for his male friends. It is called a stag party /a stag night. The wife-to-be provides a party for her female friends, called a hen party / hen night.
A wedding ceremony is a formal act that can be religious – in a church. It is a church wedding/white wedding with a priest. It can also be a civil wedding – in the town hall at a registry office with the mayor. The engaged couple exchanges their wedding rings and promises to live together in good and bad times. After the wedding, friends and relatives are invited to a wedding reception with a layered wedding cake. Then the newlyweds go on honeymoon.
Death – when someone dies, the body is put into a coffin. At the funeral, the body may be cremated or buried in a cemetery/graveyard. The grave is marked with a gravestone. The widow or the widower, together with close relatives, are mourning for their beloved, who R.I.P.
Marital status: single, engaged, married, divorced, widowed
Family in the past and now
Family life in English speaking countries
People in English-speaking countries usually have only one or two children. Mothers take care of their children or employ an au-pair from abroad who helps in the household, plays with children, or takes them to or from a school. There are many au-pairs in these countries because they want to earn some money and improve their language skills. Parents lead their kids to independence, and after they get to university, they leave home and begin their own life.
Family life in Slovakia
A typical family has two or three children but to have four or five children isn’t unusual. Mothers usually stay on maternity leave until their children turn 3. The children are often very dependent on their parents. When young people go to university, parents support them financially. Young Slovak couples usually prefer living near their parents. It is common for three generations to live together in one house or the same town. They often have a perfect and strong relationship.
rodičia / starí rodičia / prastarí rodičia
krstný otec/ krstná mama
nevlastný brat / sestra
macocha (nevlastná mama) / otčim (nevlastný otec)
teta / strýko
bratranec, sesternica (sesternica z 1./ 2. kolena)
široká / vzdialená rodina
rodina s jedným rodičom
prvé sväté prijímanie…
povýšenie v práci
svadba v kostole
svadba na úrade
primátor / starosta
mať / ísť na medové týždne
požiadať o ruku
pánska jazda / rozlúčka so slobodou
dámska jazda / rozlúčka so slobodou
výživné / alimenty
hádať sa s niekým
vychádzať s niekým
láska na prvý pohľad
starať sa o niekoho / niečo
spriaznená duša, dôverný priateľ
zametať s metlou
opravovať pokazené veci