CUSTOMS & TRADITIONS

Multicultural Society

Exercises

D. Read and translate the text: JACK-O-LANTERN HISTORY

Key words:

  1. a rascal of a fellow – nezbedník, huncút, nezbednýchlapec
  2. audacity [ɔːˈdæsɪtɪ] – odvaha, trúfalosť 
  3. enticing [ɪnˈtaɪsɪŋ] – lákavý, zvodný
  4. to get down – ničiť, ubíjať, deprimovať
  5. stingy [ˈstɪndʒɪ] – lakomý, skúpy
  6. a drunkard [ˈdrʌŋkəd] – pijan
  7. desperate [ˈdespərɪt or -prɪt] – zúfalý, beznádejný
  8. to appeal [əˈpiːl] – požadovať, žiadať
  9. to reside [rɪˈzaɪd] – bývať, sídliť
  10. to condemn to [kənˈdem] – odsúdiť, odmietnúť, zavrhnúť
  11. to roam [rəʊm] – túlaťsa, potulovaťsa
  12. eternal [ɪˈtɜːnəl] – večný
  13. a turnip – kvaka (druh veľkého kalerábu)

JACK-O-LANTERN HISTORY

Come, travel back in time with me as we explore the brief history of Halloween. One of the biggest symbols of Halloween, the Jack-o-lantern, is associated with Irish tradition. The traditioncame from the Irish belief a long time ago. There was a Rascal of a fellow named Jack whohad the audacity to trick the very devil himself. It is said that Jack played a trick on the devil by enticing him up into a tree, then carving the sign of the cross in the tree so that the devil couldnot get down. In exchange for removing the sign, the devil had to promise not to come after Jack’s soul. Well, the devil kept his promise, but it didn’t prevent Jack from eventually dying. Because Jack had been a stingy miserly drunkard in his life, he was not admitted into heaven. Desperate for a place to rest his soul, Jack appealed to the devil to let him reside in hell. But,because Jack had tricked the devil, the devil wouldn’t t let Jack into hell. Instead, Jack wascondemned to roaming forever, searching for an eternal resting place. The devil gave Jacka candle, which jack put into the turnip he was eating. From that day on, he has roamed the earth with his lantern, looking for that place to rest. And that is how we got the modern-dayJack-o-Lantern. 

Try to answer the following questions:

  1. What is Jack-o-lantern associated with?
  2. What did the devil have to do?
  3. What did Jack-o-lantern carve on the tree?
  4. Did the devil keep his promise?
  5. What happened to Jack?
  6. What was Jack condemned to?
  7. What did the devil give Jack?

E. HALLOWEEN QUIZ

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February 12, 2021

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