What is the role of culture and art in modern society?
TYPES OF ARTS
1. DECORATIVE ARTS
PAINTING SCULPTURE ARCHITECTURE PHOTOGRAPHY
We can admire a picture showing:
Visitors of galleries, museums, and other exhibitions must respect some rules.
We aren’t allowed:
X drop litter on the floor
X take photos
X touch paintings
X make noise
WORLD FAMOUS PAINTERS
Their paintings are precious (priceless).
Pablo Picasso was a Spanish artist. He is probably best known for his cubist style. He used
triangles and squares to make his portraits.
Vincent Van Gogh was a Dutch painter. During his life, he didn’t sell even one of his paintings and became famous after his death. He was mentally ill, and he tried to commit suicide. He also cut off his ear as a protest because of his unfortunate love for his cousin.
Leonardo Da Vinci was an Italian painter famous for his paintings such as Mona Lisa with her mysterious smile, or the picture: The Last Supper.
Mária Medvecká was a famous Orava painter who painted beauties of the Orava region,
people at work and their hard life. Mária Medvecká used dark colours such as grey, brown,
green. Her gallery is in a district town, Tvrdošín.
Here belong statues from stone, marble, metal, clay, wood, glass, ice.
Heroic statues: (sochy v nadživotnej veľkosti)
The Statue of Liberty in New York, the USA
Christ The Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Mount Rushmore in the USA
Great Sphinx of Giza in Cairo, Egypt
Here belong interiors and exteriors of castles, palaces, gardens, and open-air museums.
Great Wall of China
Palace of Versailles in France
Eiffel Tower, France
Orava Castle, Slovakia
Wooden Roman Catholic Church in Tvrdošín, Slovakia
View from the Window at Le Gras (1826) – the first photograph ever taken
Lunch Atop a Skyscraper (1932)
2. PERFORMING ARTS
MUSIC DANCE LITERATURE THEATRE FILM
Popular music genres:
classical music, blues, country, jazz, rock, reggae, electronic music, R&B, hip-hop, punk, etc.
recorder, trumpet, guitar, piano, violin, flute, accordion, saxophone, drums, contrabass,
Classical music is written by a composer and performed by an orchestra. The orchestra has a conductor – a person at the front who directs the musicians.
The majority of people are laymen in classical music because they aren‘t interested in it.
Still, some tunes are very catchy, so that people usually choose this kind of music when
relaxing or studying. It is said that classical music boosts your memory, fights against
depression, puts you to sleep, reduces stress level, and last but not least, it makes you
Among the most famous world, composers belong:
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Ludwig Van Beethoven
Johann Sebastian Bach.
HERE IS THE LIST OF THE MOST POPULAR DANCES:
Ballet, Ballroom, Contemporary dance, Hip Hop, Jazz dance, Folk dance, Irish dance, Modern dance, Swing dance, Tap dance
Slovak famous folk dance groups are Lúčnica, SĽUK and Oravan.
FICTION & NON-FICTION
There are two types of fiction books:
Boys usually read adventure stories or science fiction.
Girls prefer romantic stories or novels.
Adults like reading detective stories, historical novels or travel books, or biographies
Ernest Hemingway (The Old Man and The Sea)
William Shakespeare (Hamlet, Macbeth, Romeo nad Juliet)
Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav (Hájniková žena, Bloody Sonnets)
Martin Kukučín (Rysavá jalovica, Neprebudený)
A theatre is a collaborative form of performing art that uses live performers, usually actors or
actresses, to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a
specific place, often a stage. The performers go to a rehearsal before the performance. If the actors forget the text, there is a prompter behind the curtains, ready to help.
Films are shown on a screen. Movies shot in a foreign language usually have
subtitles, or they are dubbed. A lot of movies are based on a true story.
In the film, we can see:
action films, historical films, western films, thrillers, horror, comedy films, musical films,
adventure films, fantasy films, animated films, sci-fi films, romantic films, drama
HERE ARE THE ELEMENTS OF A GREAT MOVIE:
USEFUL EXPRESSIONS THAT HELP YOU DESCRIBE A MOVIE: brilliant, low-budget,
violent, gripping, slow, blockbuster, awful = dreadful
GOOD REASONS TO GO TO THE MOVIES:
ARGUMENTS FOR PREFERING BOOKS: